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Acid Reflux Symptoms

Acid Reflux Symptoms

  
 

Acid reflux occurs when the tube that food goes through from the throat to the stomach is not strong enough to handle the acid. The main cause is the divider of the stomach and the esophagus, the lower oeasophageal splinter, giving up at inappropriate times. When this happens, the acid is not blocked from entering and the stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, which causes severe heartburn in the chest.

Symptoms of acid reflux

Heartburn, regurgitation and dyspepsia are the three most common forms of heartburn. Heartburn is a burning pain that is capable of moving up from the stomach, to the middle of the abdomen and chest. It can also move into the throat. Regurgitation is the sensation of acid backing up into the throat or mouth. It can produce a bitter or sour taste and the individual may vomit some contents of the stomach. Dyspepsia is a generalized term for stomach discomfort that includes the following: burping, stomach bloating, nausea after eating, upper abdominal pain and distress.

Living with acid reflux

Acid reflux symptoms may signify that stomach acid has inflamed the esophagus. If this occurs, stomach acid can damage the lining of the esophagus and cause bleeding. Simple lifestyle changes and over-the-counter antacids are usually all that is required to control acid reflux symptoms.

When left untreated for a prolonged period of time, acid reflux can wear out the inner protective lining of the esophagus, which results in the condition known as erosive oesophagitis. Doctors can diagnose this condition through an endoscopy and prescribe a treatment for it based on the extent of the damage present.

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