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Celiac Disease Symptoms

 

Celiac Disease Symptoms

Celiac disease, also known as coeliac or celiac sprue, is a gastrointestinal disorder that is found in people of all ages. This disease is caused by an adverse reaction to a gluten protein named gliadin, commonly found in wheat products.

Malabsorption

Common symptoms of celiac disease come in two categories: malabsorption symptoms and those brought on as a result of malnutrition. Of the three types of dietary nutrients -- fat, carbohydrates and protein -- fat is the most common nutrient that a person who suffers from celiac disease cannot absorb. This can result in a variety of symptoms including flatulence, diarrhea and abdominal bloating. Lactose is another common nutrient that is difficult for a celiac sufferer to absorb, due mainly to the destruction of the intestinal villi in the small intestine.

Malnutrition

Symptoms of malnutrition, as a result of celiac disease, can also take many different forms. These can include fluid retention, weight loss, muscle weakness and osteoporosis. Weight loss and fluid retention are the two most common symptoms and are caused by an inadequate level of vital nutrients absorbed by the body. Protein is required at a certain level in order to prevent fluids from leaking from blood vessels into the surrounding tissue.

In the past, celiac disease was commonly associated with infants and children; however, it is now known that even the initial symptoms are found in people of all ages. While there is no known cure for celiac disease, a gluten-free diet can allow a person with this disorder to live a long and symptom-free life.

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