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Chlamydia Symptoms


Chlamydia Symptoms

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection transmitted when people have sexual relations. It is the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the United States, with over 2.8 million affected individuals each year. Among adults, about five percent of the population is estimated to have this infection.

Warning signs of chlamydia

Symptoms of chlamydia infection vary depending on the gender of the person affected. In women, symptoms include bleeding after sexual intercourse or at times other than during menstrual periods, lower abdominal pain, burning pain during urination and discharge from the vagina. In men, the symptoms include discharge from the penis, pain and burning during urination and inflammation or infection of a duct in the testicles that leads to tenderness or pain in the testicles. If the disease is left untreated, it may cause further reproductive problems including sterilization.

Diagnosis and treatment of chlamydia

If a person suspects they have chlamydia, a doctor may perform several tests. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, there are several prescription medications to clear up the STD, such as a single-dose antibiotic like azithromycin or one that is taken over a period of time like doxycycline. The medication is prescribed based on gender and severity of the infection.

The best way to avoid contracting chlamydia is to practice safe sex and use condoms every time you engage in sexual activity. Chlamydia is the most common STD, and many times a person may not even be aware of contracting it because no symptoms are apparent. Avoiding exposure to chlamydia is the key to staying STD free.

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