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Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma & Molar Pregnancy Symptoms

 Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

According to the American Cancer Society, 1 person out of every 50 stands a chance of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, also known as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, is a cancer that starts in cells called lymphocytes which are part of the body's immune system. Lymphocytes are located in the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues, such as the spleen, thymus and bone marrow. There are several different types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and it is typically classified in accordance with how fast the cancer spreads. Low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma progresses slowly and may not require treatment for some time. High-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is often curable with chemotherapy.

Molar Pregnancy Symptoms

Molar pregnancy occurs when tissue that normally should manifest into a fetus instead turns into an abnormal uterine growth. This may occur if a sperm fertilizes an egg with no genetic information or if an egg gets fertilized by two sperm.

Common symptoms

Typically a molar pregnancy initially causes the same symptoms of a normal pregnancy such as missed period and morning sickness. However, additional symptoms come with a molar pregnancy. These include vaginal bleeding, an unusually large uterus, severe nausea, vomiting, nervousness, tiredness, heart palpitations and excessive sweating. Other possible symptoms including uncomfortable feeling in the pelvis and vaginal discharge shaped like grapes. Since many of these symptoms also occur with normal pregnancy or a miscarriage, only a doctor can diagnose molar pregnancy for certain. A pelvic exam, a blood test to measure pregnancy hormones and a pelvic ultrasound can confirm if a molar pregnancy is the case.

Causes of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma occurs when a person's body produces too many abnormal white blood cells, which are called lymphocytes. In healthy people, lymphocytes are produced, die and are produced again in a continuous cycle. In people with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, the lymphocytes do not die, which causes an oversupply. There is no known cause of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, but there are some risk factors.

Risk factors of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

Anyone who has had an organ transplant is at risk for this disease, as he or she is typically on medication that suppresses the immune system. This not only impacts the body's ability to fight off new diseases, it alters the functioning of the white blood cells and can allow the lymphocytes to grow out of control. Some bacteria and viruses are also linked to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, including Epstein-Barr virus and some ulcer-causing bacteria. Having these conditions can increase one's risk of non-Hodgkin's disease. The cancer is also more common in people over the age of 60, which has led researchers to add increased age to the list of risk factors.

Anyone with swelling in his or her lymph nodes should notify his or her physician, as that is a major sign of lymphoma. There is no known cause of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, but it usually strikes people over the age of 60, and it also afflicts those with certain viruses or bacterial illnesses. Some weed chemicals are also linked to an increase in risk, so people should try to avoid pesticides.

Complications and treatment for molar pregnancy

Molar pregnancies can result in heavy bleeding from the uterus and in some cases may cause gestational trophoblastic disease. In the case of complete molar pregnancy, in 15 to 20 percent of the cases, trophoblastic disease may occur even after the tissue gets removed by a doctor. If a molar pregnancy occurs, the woman should get treatment to remove the growth from the uterus through vacuum aspiration. For a woman who does not desire more children, hysterectomy may serve as an alternative to vacuum aspiration. After the treatment, regular blood tests can check for trophoblastic disease for the next 6 to 12 months.

Molar pregnancy symptoms simulate normal pregnancy symptoms, plus additional symptoms such as excessive bleeding and nausea, a large uterus or strange discharge. Molar pregnancy requires immediate treatment; seek a doctor if these abnormal symptoms occur.

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