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Osteoarthritis / Osteoporosis

 

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition that affects millions of people around the world. It generally occurs in older people and afflicts more women than men. It is the most prevalent of the types of arthritis and is the result of cartilage wearing gradually over the years. Osteoarthritis is degenerative in nature; there is no cure for it, although patients can find relief from the symptoms from several sources. Symptoms include pain and stiffness of the joints and sometimes a grating sound or sensation upon movement. Tylenol can help to relieve the pain, especially in the early stages. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are effective in many patients. Physical therapy can help a patient remain mobile, and in severe cases, joint replacement is an alternative.

Osteoporosis

Millions of Americans suffer from osteoporosis, a thinning of the bones that causes them to get porous, brittle and prone to fracture. As you age, you lose bone mass. Your bone density decreases due to a variety of factors. For women, a decrease in estrogen, either due to menopause or the removal of one's ovaries, can cause a loss of bone mass that leads to osteoporosis. Men with osteoporosis often suffer from lower testosterone. A diet that is too low in calcium or vitamin D can cause weakened bones, as well as hormone imbalances and thyroid conditions. A sedentary lifestyle can also lead to osteoporosis, since your bones can weaken if they are not challenged with weight-bearing exercises. Find out about the causes of osteoporosis and what you can do to reverse them by reviewing these resources.

Osteoarthritis as a Predictive Sign for Knee Joint Problems

Since osteoarthritis comes from the natural aging process, it is wise for you to keep in mind that it is a predictive sign for knee joint problems in the future. If you are over the age of 50, joint pain is expected. It is a natural part of life for joints to age and deteriorate. However, you cannot predict where the osteoarthritis first occurs, so it is wise to watch out for the signs and symptoms of the condition. It is often a predictor of what happens to the rest of the body.

A warning sign

It is normal for you to experience some joint pain in your life as you age. Some symptoms of osteoarthritis are limited range of motion, swollen joints and tenderness. If you experience any of these symptoms in any part of your body, a visit to the doctor is in order. You most likely have osteoarthritis. Since joint deterioration occurs all over the body, you should expect to have knee joint problems in the near future as well. Your knees bear the most weight in your body, which is why they are the most likely to wear out quickly.

Despite the fact that there is not much that you can do to cure the condition once it has progressed, you can take measures to ease the pain that comes with it. Over-the-counter pain relievers can help. Lifestyle changes can also help you feel better. If you are overweight, consider losing weight in order to relieve some of the pressure on your joints. Getting enough rest so that your joints are not strained all day can prove helpful.

How to Prevent Osteoporosis in Women

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that leads to an increased risk of fracture. It is possible for this disease to occur in both sexes; however, it is a major health concern for women as they grow older. Here are some tips on preventing this condition.

Consume more calcium

Calcium maintains bone strength and health and also prevents bone loss. Foods that are rich in calcium include milk, low fat or non fat yogurt, salmon, sardines, leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits and cheese. Women can also take calcium supplements; however, the amount of calcium to take daily varies by age,so women are advised to discuss the amount with their doctor.

Soy, soy, soy

Soy is another food that prevents osteoporosis. It contains calcium and estrogen and also helps in maintaining bone density. Soy comes in many forms; roasted soybeans, soy flour, soy cereal, soy cheeses and even soy milk are available in many supermarkets.

Exercise

As with many debilitating conditions, exercise is key in helping to prevent osteoporosis. It is recommended to exercise at least 30 minutes a day, three times a week. Exercise can reduce the risk of falls, as well as improve posture, balance and flexibility.

There are many other methods that are used, such as increasing Vitamin D intake. A person could also consider limiting or quitting smoking and alcohol. It is also important to get regular medical checkups, in addition to optionally getting bone tests performed, measuring height annually and consulting a doctor regarding prevention of other conditions that can threaten bone density.

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