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Swollen Eyes & How Antithyroid Medications Are Used

 Thyroid

Treatment for a thyroid disorder depends on which condition an individual patient is suffering from, as well as any other health issues the patient may currently have. The three most common thyroid-related disorders are hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) and thyroid nodules.

Since both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are related to the hormones produced by the thyroid gland, the most widely accepted treatment for these disorders is medication that regulates the hormones produced. People with hypothyroidism usually take thyroid hormone pills to raise their hormone levels and alleviate their symptoms, while people with hyperthyroidism may choose medication, radioactive iodine treatment or surgery to reduce the size of their thyroid glands. Thyroid nodules are generally benign, but about four percent of cases are malignant. A fine-needle biopsy is performed to eliminate the possibility of thyroid cancer.

It is never fun to deal with any kind of thyroid disorder. Fortunately, many effective treatments are available to manage a large number of the symptoms associated with different conditions, allowing the people who have them to lead normal lives.

How Antithyroid Medications Are Used

Antithyroid medications such as methimazole and propylthiouracil work by reducing the amount of thyroid hormone produced by the thyroid gland. These medications help to treat hyperthyroidism. When taking antithyroid medications, patients should take them at the same time each day. Patients should take methimazole three times a day, every eight hours. Doctors also may check a patient's thyroid levels frequently to make sure the patient takes the right dosage.

Effectiveness

Antithyroid medications help improve patient symptoms one to eight weeks after the patient starts taking the medicine. The medications work better for patients with a small goiter, a mild degree of hyperthyroidism or if a patient needs treatment for Graves' disease. In some cases, antithyroid medications cure hyperthyroidism; the disease permanently subsides in 30 to 50 percent of people after a few years of taking the medication. In other people, hyperthyroidism comes back after ceasing the medication. In such cases, a doctor may recommend radioactive iodine as a treatment which has a higher likelihood of permanently curing hyperthyroidism.

Possible side effects

Taking antithyroid medications may cause certain side effects. Patients may experience rash, itching, joint aches, liver problems leading to yellowing of the eyes or skin, tiredness, belly pain or low white blood cell count leading to frequent infections. There are documented cases where Propylthiouracil occasionally causes serious liver disease with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, stomach pains, dark urine or yellowing eyes and skin. Taking antithyroid medicine for a long time or taking too much may lead to hypothyroidism, the other extreme of the spectrum.

Antithyroid medications help to treat patients' hyperthyroidism through regular oral doses. The treatment may last for one to two years, after which a patient may experience a permanent cure or may require alternative methods of treatment.



Swollen Eyes

Many people suffer from swollen eyes. This could be because of allergies, crying, infection or constant use of contact lenses. Whatever the reason for eyelid swelling, it is very important for swollen eye sufferers to know how they can gain relief.

You must see a doctor if you have swollen eyes accompanied by tears or drainage. These symptoms may be signs of unknown, underlying problems. For your health you should not hesitate to visit your doctor as soon as you are able. Your doctor may prescribe an ointment or drops to bring your eyes relief, or antibiotics if your swollen eyes have been caused by a bacterial infection. However, viral infections cannot be treated with antibiotics.

If your eyes are simply swollen with no other symptoms, you can simply treat your eyes at home. Revealing the swelling may be as simple as resting cold teabags on your eyes. Ice is also a good way to relieve your swollen eyes. Make sure to never apply ice directly to eyes in order to avoid tissue damage or ice burns. Your eyes are very delicate, so make sure to take care of them!



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