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The Pros and Cons of Morphine Use

The Pros and Cons of Morphine Use


Morphine, a derivative of opium, has narcotic and analgesic properties. This means that morphine acts as both a pain reliever and a drowsiness inducer by directly affecting the central nervous system. Unfortunately, its users face high chances of addiction, tolerance and dependence.

Cons of morphine use

Because of the high possibility of morphine addiction, there exist many cons to taking this drug. Unsupervised use of morphine can result in addiction and abuse. The human body also builds up tolerance to morphine, which means that a person must take more and more morphine to achieve the same effects and pain relief. In some cases, this tolerance leads to overdose. If it is administered intravenously by a medical professional, however, the chances of addiction decline. Other, less dire, side effects of morphine use include possible constipation, headaches and nausea.

Pros of morphine use

Morphine acts as an extremely strong pain reliever, necessary during severe injury or prolonged illness. Also, though some people experience dependence on the drug after prolonged use, the dependence sometimes manifests physically and not always psychologically, which usually causes most addiction and drug abuse. Psychological addiction takes months of morphine use to develop.

Morphine, unlike drugs that are regularly abused, has many medical uses. The pain-relieving qualities alone make this a widely used drug, unlike its brothers heroin and laudanum. In fact, people derived morphine from opium before any of the other types of opium-based drugs, and it remains the only natural derivative.

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