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What Is Hydrochlorothiazide?


What Is Hydrochlorothiazide?

Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic medication, also known as a water pill. Diuretics help to release excess fluid in the body. In this case, hydrochlorothiazide helps to flush water and salt from the kidneys. Hydrochlorothiazide is used to treat a range of symptoms, which are in turn caused by several different diseases or health issues.


Hydrochlorothiazide is most commonly used to treat high blood pressure. The medication prevents the kidneys from storing water. Excess water and salt are drained into the urine. As this process occurs, the blood reduces in volume, which can aid in lowering blood pressure. Hydrochlorothiazide is also used to treat symptoms of heart disease, diabetes and other diseases that may cause the body to hold onto excess fluids. Because hydrochlorothiazide helps the body retain calcium while releasing fluids, it is sometimes used by patients with osteoporosis. This medication is also used to help prevent kidney stones.

Side effects

Although hydrochlorothiazide can aid in controlling many different symptoms, side effects do occasionally occur. Frequent urination is the most common side effect and dissipates after continued use of the medication. Other possible side effects are thirst, cramps, loss of appetite, vomiting and weakness or dizziness. A persistent sore throat, fever, rash or bruising may point to more serious reactions to hydrochlorothiazide. It is possible to control or prevent some of these side effects by adding more potassium to your daily diet.

Hydrochlorothiazide is a useful drug in the treatment of many different symptoms. As with any drug or medication, it is important to find out as much as you can about it before you begin using it. Knowing how it works and how it can affect you can help you make a more informed decision about treating your specific health problem.

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